A smart city uses digital technologies to enhance performance and well-being, to reduce costs and resource consumption, and to engage more effectively and actively with its citizens. Key ‘smart’ sectors include transport, energy, health care, water and waste. A smart city should be able to respond faster to city and global challenges than one with a simple ‘transactional’ relationship with its citizens.
Top ten smart cities
According to a study, ten Cities of the world have been categorized as Smart Cities on the basis of the factors like Innovations, Sustainability, Use of Information Technology, Digital Governance, Quality of Life, Sanitation, Fast Delivery of Services, Efficient use of Resources, Energy Savings, Low-carbon Economy etc. Accordingly, the top ten Smart Cities of the World are
There were many other strong candidates which are runners-up in this ranking, including Amsterdam, Melbourne, Seattle, Sao Paulo, Stockholm and Vancouver.
Government of India is initiating to convert 100 Cities into Smart Cities. The real challenge before the Government is to build inclusive smart cities for all its residents, irrespective of whether they are rich or poor. In a country like India, the process of making a city smart should be people centric. The idea should be to make cities work for the people.
In order to fulfill the vision of Prime Minister for Smart Cities, the Ministry of Finance has allocated Rs.7060 crores in the Union Budget for the year 2014-15.